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Peru Brief History of and Peruvian Coffee

Quillabamba Peru Mountains

Situated on the western coast of South America, Peru is home to more than 32 million people, nearly half of whom are of Amerindian descent. The country takes up almost 500,000 square miles of land, land that is recognized globally for its ability to sustain crops and for its picture-perfect quality that year after year tends to draw in tourists in droves. The climate is extremely varied, and there are areas where the temperatures can be moderate and even cold at times. In Peru, the Amazon is a place where the rain falls often and in large amounts, the sun beating down relentlessly as well, creating an environment that is at once wet and warm. There are extreme lows and extreme highs, both valleys and mountains, and because Peru sits at the crossroads of two ocean currents, diversity is the norm.

Quillabamba coffee region in Cusco Peru
Quillabamba coffee region in Cusco Peru

Bordering Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile, Peru is a country that is easily accessible essentially no matter where you happen to be on the continent. Manu National Park is famous as a biosphere reserve, and in Huascaran National Park, the mountains rise high into the sky to create sights that are just breathtaking.

Coffee varieties in Peru

Arabica coffee is the specialty in Peru. A top-20 producer of the coffee beans, Peru has a strong reputation for excellent roasts and for ethical sourcing. Whereas other countries have faced criticism for their failure to ensure fair business practices, Peru’s CENFROCAFGE cooperative has united more than 80 farmers’ associations in order to guarantee 92% organic production and 100% Fair Trade certification. Overall, the demand for Peruvian coffee has risen drastically in recent years because of these efforts.

Coffee cherries at Latin America coffee farm
Coffee cherries at Latin America coffee farm

The Nore Chico Civilization thrived on the Peruvian coast around 5,000 years ago, and in the 15th century, the Inca created the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, basing their capital in Cusco. The Spanish did not conquer present-day Peru until 1572, after which the indigenous population fell sharply. One of the last royalist countries in South America, Peru remained largely loyal to Spain until the 1820s. Sites of the former Incan Empire in Peru are a major draw for tourists who want to experience firsthand the wonders of pre-Columbian America. The legacy of the Incas lives on in the statues and artifacts they left behind. Continuing to shape the country’s culture, much to the delight of those who take the time to see Peru completely.

There is always something else to do in Peru, always some new sight to take in, great fun in Lima, fascinating history in Cusco. To be there is to comprehend on a higher level that civilization really did develop over time: it didn’t just pop up out of nowhere. Take in a cup of Peruvian Coffee and see it for yourself!

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Latin America Countries to visit poll results

Latin America coffee subscription map and countries

Thank you for your votes! Below is a list of Latin America countries to visit count and the vote count. Most of you are very exited about learning more about Latin America’s culture. I will also put together some traveling tips for the countries I have visited and of course coffee from these countries. Whenever I get out of New York City I try to visit a new country or city in the Latin America region.

Latin America describes the region that lies below the United States of America all through the continent of South America. These regions were home to ancient civilizations and were later invaded by several European countries that still influence the culture there. But one of the things that Latin America is famous for is their production of the finest coffee in the world. In this article we trace the roots of the most favorable morning drink by billions of people across the world and talk about what people really have to go through to get you that cup of coffee you crave.

Remember to visit the following link post to learn about Latin America coffee and history.

The results from the Facebook poll ‘Countries in Latin America I want to visit’ are below:

Brazil 🇧🇷 was number one in the list with 13 votes.

Peru 🇵🇪 was second with 10 votes.

Argentina 🇦🇷 with 9 votes.

Costa Rica 🇨🇷, Colombia 🇨🇴 have a total of 8 votes.

Mexico 🇲🇽, Chile 🇨🇱 also tie with 6 votes.

Ecuador 🇪🇨 has 4 votes.

Cuba 🇨🇺 3 votes.

Venzuela 🇻🇪, Puerto Rico 🇵🇷, Panama 🇵🇦, Bolivia 🇧🇴, Uruguay 🇺🇾 are all even with 2 votes each.

Paraguay 🇵🇾, Guatemala 🇬🇹, Honduras 🇭🇳 are equal with 1 vote each.

I will be posting more details about each country from the poll. I will also include information about coffee from these countries in Latin America. Contact me if you have any questions!

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Cocotu founder Rudy Guisbert interview

Cocotu founder drinking coffee

After 14 years of being a Systems Administrator, Cocotu (Rudy) decided that he needed a break from the routine and quit his job to travel to Latin America.

Listen to interview using the link below.

This journey allowed him to meet beautiful people, explore amazing sites and venture into the most extraordinary coffee farms. Rudy found something in common that unites most Latino countries, this is called coffee. Rudy developed a strong bond with a number of farmers and producers across several Latin American countries such as Bolivia, Peru and Colombia. The more he connected with these farmers, the more he felt responsible for sharing their stories and product with the world.

Now Rudy is an exclusive coffee merchant, he brings coffee directly from small coffee farms in Latin America. Rudy works only in small batches of top-quality beans. The product comes in ready to sell, all the roasting, packaging, and branding is done in Latin America. Rudy is now proud of his company Cocotu because he’s able to offer chemical-free, exclusive coffee beans that are produced through sustainable means.

Listeners, Rudy tells us how he went from working in Corporate America to creating the business of his dreams by traveling to South America.

I hope you get inspired with this one and share it if you think someone you know needs this message.

A special thanks to Cafe con Pam for this amazing interview!

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Bolivian Coffee Latin America Coffee and Brief History

Flag of Bolivia Latin America coffee
La Paz, Bolivia Cocotu Latin America Bolivian Coffee
La Paz, Bolivia by

A population of just more than 11 million and covering around 425,000 square miles of land, Bolivia is one of the more sparsely populated countries in South America. There are wide open spaces throughout, expanding this way and that way as far as the eye can see in every direction, making Bolivia a spot ideal for those tourists who want to reconnect with nature and get a better idea of just what South America can be like in its most natural form. The country is landlocked, surrounded by other South American nations on all sides, and the Bolivian population is more than 70% Mestizo. Bolivian coffee is one of the most underestimated coffee from Latin America.

There are dramatic shifts in the climate of Bolivia from one region to the next. In the western Andes, the climate can reach polar lows, while in the lower-altitude areas, the summers hit extreme temperature highs, a humid tropical climate throughout the areas that catch the winds of the Amazon rain forest. There are deserts, there are subtropical semi-arid areas, and there are desert-polar areas with winds that blow cold and strong. Discover the diversity that is endemic to Bolivia, the diversity that has afforded the plant and fauna in the country to boom into an endless number of varieties.

copacabana crossing on boat
copacabana crossing on boat

It was not until the late 19th century that coffee production really caught on in Bolivia. When it did catch on, however, it caught like a raging fire among dry kindling. There are now thriving coffee industries all around the cities of Bolivia, including La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, and El Beni, and the Yungas have become recognized for the outstanding quality of their beans. By 1908, Bolivia was producing 1.5 million pounds of coffee, exporting all around the world.

When the Aymara people first came to Bolivia around 2,000 years ago, they developed gradually into a powerful, influential civilization, and while estimates vary, some historians have recently suggested that they may have overseen an empire of more than 1.4 million people at their height. It was the Incas, through, who truly built up the area, overtaking the region from the 15th to the 16th centuries, when Francisco Pizarro, Diego de Almagro, and Hernando de Luque conquered what is today the entire western coast of South America stretching into what is today Bolivia.

Cocotu Latin America coffee Bolivian mountains
Yungas, Bolivia by

Most tourists come to Bolivia not for one thing but for multiple things. While La Paz offers all the comforts of a modern city, it is the natural sights that define Bolivia more in addition to its commitment to preserving its indigenous cultures, represented in the recognition of 36 indigenous languages with co-official status alongside Spanish. Take in the sights, witness the history, taste the coffee out of Yungas: this is all part of the Bolivian experience.

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Panama Coffee and Brief Country History

Latin America coffee - Panama honey processed coffee

Although the population of Panama is only 4 million, those 4 million people inhabit an area of just 29,000 square miles, making Panama one of the most densely inhabited countries in the world. Previously part of Colombia, the entire history of Panama and its coffee is one at the center of which is United States influence. The country is wealthy, especially by the standards of its neighboring countries, owing in large part to the Panama Canal, a crucial trade route that has defined its commerce, banking, and tourism industries, the tolls from the canal making up a significant portion of the country’s economy overall.

Cocotu Panama Latin America coffee
Panama coffee farm in Chiriqui

Panama Unique Nature and Coffee

There are many plants and animals that are found nowhere in the world but in Panama, making the country something of a haven for research scientists and naturalist tourists alike. The jungles are teeming with life, drawing in photographers, artists, and those who want to learn about the natural world. Positioned in what is sometimes considered Central America, Panama is a pivot between Mexico in North America and the countries of South America. Driving, walking, or by boat, millions upon millions of people cross through Panama every single year.

panama cocotu harvest coffee sun drying Latin America coffee
panama cocotu harvest

Coffee production first sprang up in Panama in the early 1900s. At that time, though, there was wild coffee throughout the Pacific Ocean side of Panama. It was the Boquete Valley that stood up to lead the burgeoning industry, pioneering arabica coffee, which the International Coffee Organization today recognizes as some of the highest quality in the world. By 2008, Panamanian coffees out of the Boquete Valley have even earned higher ratings and higher prices than coffees exported from Costa Rica. Around 18% of the coffee grown in Panama is robusta. You can read a great coffee review from Coffee Ken on his blog.

The histories of Panama and Colombia are closely intertwined, the former uniting with the latter upon gaining independence from Spain in 1821. Throughout the following decades, this relationship was fraught with trouble, culminating in a war of separation in 1899, which led to the establishment of independent Panama in 1903, the United States supporting this move for economic concerns. In the decade that follows, the United States built the structure that would turn Panama into what it is today, the Panama Canal. The relationship has continued into the modern era, and in 1989, the US invaded Panama in a move that was questioned by the United Nations General Assembly. Despite this invasion and the subsequent war, tourism in Panama was largely unharmed, and even today, it is a spot high on the list of vacationers, history buffs, and coffee aficionados all.

If you want to see Latin America in all its beauty and all its splendor and to fully comprehend what it is that defines the continent and the complex relations of its countries, Panama is the place to go.

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Coffee taster flavor wheel according to SCAA


Coffee taster flavor wheel above is the latest release of the coffee taster’s flavor wheel according to the Specialty Coffee Association of America. Take a look and download a copy for reference.

Originally published in 1995, one of the most iconic resources in the coffee industry, the Coffee Taster’s Flavor Wheel, has been the industry standard for over two decades. In 2016, this valuable resource was updated in collaboration with World Coffee Research (WCR). Since its initial release, climates have shifted and growing has changed. In a unified effort, SCAA joined forces with World Coffee Research (WCR) to develop a new, updated lexicon. WCR tapped the sensory scientists at Kansas State University’s Sensory Analysis Center and after a year of research, the World Coffee Research Sensory Lexicon was developed.

coffee sun drying Latin America coffee
coffee sun drying

Flavor wheels has been a really useful tool for coffee professionals for many years and is often an integral part of the walls of coffee labs as a handy inspiration to put words on taste experiences. Starting with Ted Lingles flavor wheel developed two decades ago several other useful wheels have been developed. So why develop our own aroma wheel, when there are already a couple of great flavor wheels existing.


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Bolivia Coffee Farm in Coroico North of La Paz

Bolivia coffee farm Latin America coffee

In the height altitude of Bolivia the shade of the Siquilis plant. This Bolivia coffee farm characteristic trees of the place that shelter coffee plantations. Its height and size of leaves provide great shade to the coffee trees. Also, the irrigation these coffee grains obtain is from the ice melting of the Illimani and the Mururata mountains. These mountains create several water streams that arrive at the coffee plantation zone. Therefore, this product becomes to be completely pure, natural and organic.

Cocotu Latin America coffee Bolivian mountains
Cocotu Latin America coffee Bolivian mountains

Another portion of this Bolivian coffee farm coffee from the NOR YUNGAS, in Taipiplaya. This area specializes in amazing coffee crops. This zone is located above the thousand meters of elevation, and has coffee crops planted in great extensions. The type of grain is Arabica 100%. Here in this region is where around 300 families live every day of the cultivation of coffee and its derivatives.

Bolivia Coffee Farm in Coroico
Bolivia Coffee Farm in Coroico