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Coffee Variety and Coffee Varietal Differences

Coffee variety

The terms “coffee variety” and “coffee varietal” are often used interchangeably, but there is a subtle difference between them. Here are some brief facts about the coffee variety and coffee varietal terminologies:

Coffee Variety: In broad terms, it refers to the different types or species of coffee plants. These varieties are typically classified into two main categories: Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora). Within each species, there are numerous sub-varieties or cultivars that have distinct genetic traits, including differences in flavor profiles. Thus, resistance to diseases, and adaptability to specific growing conditions.

Coffee Varietal: On the other hand, this one specifically refers to a distinct sub-type or cultivar of a particular coffee variety. For example, within the Arabica species, some well-known varietals include Bourbon, Typica, Gesha (also spelled Geisha), and SL28. Each varietal has its own unique characteristics, such as flavor notes, acidity levels, and growing requirements.

Coffee varietals encompass a diverse range of beans, each with unique flavors, aromas, and growing conditions. Arabica and Robusta are two primary varieties. Arabica, known for its nuanced flavors, thrives in higher altitudes, producing beans with fruity, floral, or chocolate notes. Robusta, grown at lower elevations, boasts a stronger, more bitter taste profile, with higher caffeine content. Within these categories, numerous sub-varietals exist, influenced by factors like soil, climate, and cultivation techniques. Some popular Arabica sub-varietals include Typica, Bourbon, and Geisha, each offering distinct taste experiences. Robusta varieties include Robusta, Excelsa, and Stenophylla, each contributing unique characteristics to the cup.

In summary, while “coffee variety” encompasses all the different types of coffee plants, “coffee varietal” refers to specific cultivars within those varieties that have distinct genetic traits and flavor profiles.

Check out my coffee mugs designs below in honor to the different coffee varietals. Let me know what you think. Also, remember that you can contact me if you have any questions or want to do win-win collaborations. Thanks.

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